Semin Reprod Med 2017; 35(01): 098-101
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1597122
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Extrapelvic Endometriosis

Anne C. Davis
1  Women's Health Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
,
Jeffrey M. Goldberg
1  Women's Health Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
19 December 2016 (eFirst)

Abstract

Extrapelvic endometriosis is a rare and complex phenomenon. The pathologic mechanism of intrapelvic endometriosis is generally accepted as being largely due to retrograde menstruation through the fallopian tubes; however, the mechanism by which extrapelvic endometriosis forms has proven to be much more elusive. This article reviews the pathophysiology, clinical signs and symptoms, diagnostic techniques, and treatment recommendations for extrapelvic endometriosis of the umbilicus, abdominal wall, thorax, and vulva.