Planta Med 2016; 82(S 01): S1-S381
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1596978
Abstracts
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

The antitumor promoting activity of 2-himachalen-7-ol in two-stage mouse skin carcinogenesis test

CF Daher
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
RJ Iskandar
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
NO Dib El Jalbout
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
VF Dwairi
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
MC Zgheib
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
PT Ibrahim
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
JMC Saad
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
PE Bakhos
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
NF Chelala
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
CP Daou
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
CS Lteif
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
LJ Sawma Awad
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
J Hakim
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
R Taleb
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
M El Sibai
1  School of Arts and Sciences, Natural Sciences Department, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
,
M Mroueh
2  School of Pharmacy, Lebanese American University, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
14 December 2016 (online)

 

Cedrus libani ssp. libani (Pinaceae) is a plant used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. 2-Himachalene-7-ol, previously isolated from the plant, possesses in vitro anticancer activity [1]. The present study investigates the chemopreventive effects of 2-himachalene-7-ol on 7,12-dimethyl benz(a)anthracene (DMBA)/12-O-tetradecanoyl phorobol-13-acetate (TPA) skin tumorigenesis model in mice. The stem xylem was extracted with hexane and the obtained oil was subjected to silica gel chromatography to isolate 2-himachalen-7-ol. Papilloma were initiated on shaved dorsal skin using DMBA and promoted twice weekly using TPA for 20 weeks [2]. Animal groups were treated once weekly with 2-himachalen-7-ol via different routes: gavage (50 mg/kg), intraperitoneally (IP 10, 25, or 50 mg/kg) or topically (0.2mL of 0.5, 1 or 2.5%). Tumor yield, and volume were compared with those of non-treated control and cisplatinum-treated groups (IP 2.5 mg/kg). Liver and kidney toxicity as well as body weight changes were also investigated. Data were analysed using ANOVA. At week 16 all animal groups treated with either 2-himachalen-7-ol or cisplatinum had relatively less papilloma number (0 – 52%) and volume (30 – 66%; p < 0.05). At week 20 the number of papilloma was highest in the cisplatinum and lowest in the 2-himachalen-7-ol IP 10 mg/kg groups. Inhibition of papilloma volume was maximal in the 2-himachalen-7-ol IP 25, IP 50 and gavage (48 – 52%; p < 0.01) followed by IP 10 and topical 2.5% (43%: p < 0.05) then cisplatinum (28%; NS) groups. The least gain in body weight was observed with the cisplatinum group. Liver enzymes (ALP, ALT and AST) were not affected in all treated groups; however creatinine and urea levels were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the cisplatinum group compared to control. In conclusion, 2-himachalen-7-ol has potent antitumor activity against DMBA/TPA skin carcinogenesis with relatively lower toxicity than commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs.

Acknowledgments: Jean Karam is acknowledged for technical assistance in the animal room.

Keywords: 2-himachalen-7-ol, cancer, Cedrus libani, skin carcinogenesis, papilloma.

References:

[1] Taleb R, El Hakim J, Elias A, Mroueh M, Daher CF. Anti-cancer activity of 2-himachalen-7-ol isolated from Cedrus libani. Planta Med 2014; 80: P1L27

[2] Abu Zeinab R, Mroueh M, Diab-Assaf M, Jurjus A, Wex B, Sakr A, Daher CF. Chemopreventive effects of wild carrot oil against 7,12-dimethyl benz(a)anthracene-induced squamous cell carcinoma in mice. Pharm Biol 2011; 49: 955 – 961