CC BY-ND-NC 4.0 · SynOpen 2018; 02(01): 0072-0077
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1591772
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Synthesis of Cinacalcet Hydrochloride: A Case Study on the Impact of Agitation Speed on the Reaction Kinetics of Schiff’s Base during Scale-up

Kunal M. Jagtap
a  Department of Process Research and Development, Megafine Pharma (P) Ltd., Plot no. 31 to 35, 48 to 51,5,26 and K/201, Lakhmapur, Dindori, Nashik-422 202, Maharashtra, India   Email: vt.mathad@megafine.in   Email: drvtmathad@yahoo.co.in
b  Organic Chemistry Research Center, Department of Chemistry, KRT Arts, B.H. Commerce and A.M. Science College, Gangapur Road, Nashik-422002, India
,
Gorakshanath B. Shinde
a  Department of Process Research and Development, Megafine Pharma (P) Ltd., Plot no. 31 to 35, 48 to 51,5,26 and K/201, Lakhmapur, Dindori, Nashik-422 202, Maharashtra, India   Email: vt.mathad@megafine.in   Email: drvtmathad@yahoo.co.in
,
Navnath C. Niphade
a  Department of Process Research and Development, Megafine Pharma (P) Ltd., Plot no. 31 to 35, 48 to 51,5,26 and K/201, Lakhmapur, Dindori, Nashik-422 202, Maharashtra, India   Email: vt.mathad@megafine.in   Email: drvtmathad@yahoo.co.in
,
Ashish P. Teldhune
a  Department of Process Research and Development, Megafine Pharma (P) Ltd., Plot no. 31 to 35, 48 to 51,5,26 and K/201, Lakhmapur, Dindori, Nashik-422 202, Maharashtra, India   Email: vt.mathad@megafine.in   Email: drvtmathad@yahoo.co.in
,
Raghunath B. Toche
b  Organic Chemistry Research Center, Department of Chemistry, KRT Arts, B.H. Commerce and A.M. Science College, Gangapur Road, Nashik-422002, India
,
Vijayavitthal T. Mathad*
a  Department of Process Research and Development, Megafine Pharma (P) Ltd., Plot no. 31 to 35, 48 to 51,5,26 and K/201, Lakhmapur, Dindori, Nashik-422 202, Maharashtra, India   Email: vt.mathad@megafine.in   Email: drvtmathad@yahoo.co.in
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 26 December 2017

Accepted after revision: 10 February 2018

Publication Date:
14 March 2018 (online)


Megafine Publication Number: MF/33/2017

Abstract

During the process development of Cinacalcet hydrochloride, a calcimimetic agent, we encountered an unexpected substantial increase in the content of impurities in the product while scaling up the process in the pilot plant. Detailed investigation led to the conclusion that the agitation speed of the reaction mass impacted the reaction kinetics of Schiff’s base, leading to the formation of the impurities and lowering the product yield to ca. 40%. The present work reports details of an investigation carried out to control the formation of impurities to achieve an efficient and one-pot process for Cinacalcet hydrochloride with an overall yield of ca. 70%.

 
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