IJNS 2016; 05(02): 089-094
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1588031
Original Article
Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.

Intracranial Cavernomas: An Institutional Review

Vernon Velho
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Grant Government Medical College and Sir J. J. Group of Hospitals, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
,
Pravin Tukaram Survashe
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Grant Government Medical College and Sir J. J. Group of Hospitals, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
,
Sachin Guthe
1  Department of Neurosurgery, Grant Government Medical College and Sir J. J. Group of Hospitals, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

18 May 2016

20 June 2016

Publication Date:
27 August 2016 (eFirst)

  

Abstract

Introduction Intracranial cavernomas are rare vascular malformations accounting for 0.4 to 0.8% of all intracranial lesions. They usually present with seizures and neurological deficits following hemorrhagic episode. Surgical excision can provide lifetime cure from these lesions.

Aims and Objectives The aims and objectives of this study were to study the clinicopathological profile and discuss management strategies affecting the outcome of patients with intracranial cavernomas.

Materials and Methods We have studied patients of intracranial cavernomas operated in our department in the past 5 years. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was used as diagnostic modality of choice. Patients' clinical status upon admission and accessibility of the lesion were taken into account for surgical planning.

Observation and Results Most of the patients were young. Twenty-two patients had single and 6 patients had multiple lesions. Patients with supratentorial lesions mainly presented with seizures (75%) wherein infratentorial lesions had cranial nerve palsies and long tract signs (25%). Total surgical excision was achieved in all the patients. No significant postoperative complications were encountered. None of the patient showed recurrence during follow-up period.

Conclusion Patients benefit from modern neurosurgical techniques in contrast to conservative approach in this disease of rather prolonged and unpredictable natural course.