Journal of Pediatric Epilepsy 2016; 05(04): 182-185
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1584913
Review Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Symptomatic Case of Startle Epilepsy with Infantile Brain Damage Treated with Hemispherotomy: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Yeeshu Singh
1   Department of Neurosciences, Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
,
Atma Ram Bansal
1   Department of Neurosciences, Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
,
Aditya Gupta
1   Department of Neurosciences, Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
,
Arun Garg
1   Department of Neurosciences, Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

02 March 2015

15 February 2016

Publication Date:
11 July 2016 (online)

Abstract

We are reporting a case of rare reflex epilepsy—“startle” epilepsy effectively treated with hemispherotomy. A 6-year-old boy, a child of nonconsanguineous parentage with infantile hemiparesis presented to us with recurrent right focal seizures along with secondary generalization provoked by sudden and unexpected auditory stimuli for the last 1 year. The boy had a minimum of four episodes per day despite maximal medical management with multiple antiepileptic drugs. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed severe atrophy of the whole of the left hemisphere. Interictal electroencelphographic (EEG) data showed predominantly left central epileptiform discharges. Long-term video-EEG monitoring record showed seizures of the left hemispheric origin. He underwent a left functional hemispherotomy and has been totally seizure free in the 12-month follow-up period with an improved quality of life both for him and for his caregivers. We feel that surgical management should be considered in startle epilepsy with infantile hemiparesis when seizures are refractory to the optimal medical treatment.

Note

Written informed consent was taken from the parents.