Klin Padiatr 2016; 228 - A38
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1582515

The MCM complex is a critical node in the miR-183 signaling network of MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cells

M Lodrini 1, G Poschmann 2, V Schmidt 3, J Wünschel 1, D Dreidax 4, O Witt 3, 5, T Höfer 6, HE Meyer 7, K Stühler 2, 8, A Eggert 1, HE Deubzer 1, 3, 5, 9
  • 1Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology/SCT, Charité-University Hospital Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin
  • 2Molecular Proteomics Laboratory, Biological Medical Research Centre, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf
  • 3CCU Pediatric Oncology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and German Consortium for Translational Cancer Research (DKTK), Heidelberg
  • 4Division Neuroblastoma Genetics, DKFZ, Heidelberg
  • 5Center for Individualized Pediatric Oncology and Brain Tumors, Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, University of Heidelberg and National Center for Tumor Diseases, Heidelberg
  • 6Division of Theoretical Systems Biology, DKFZ, Heidelberg
  • 7Leibniz-Institut für Analytische Wissenschaften – ISAS – e.V., Dortmund
  • 8Institute for Molecular Medicine, University Hospital Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf
  • 9Junior Neuroblastoma Research Group, Experimental and Clinical Research Center of the Max-Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine and the Charité-University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Introduction: MYCN and HDAC2 jointly repress the transcription of tumor suppressive miR-183 in neuroblastoma. Enforced miR-183 expression induces neuroblastoma cell death and inhibits xenograft growth in mice.

Methods: Here we aimed to focus more closely on the miR-183 signaling network using a label-free mass spectrometric approach.

Results: Analysis of neuroblastoma cells transfected with either control or miR-183 expression vectors identified 85 differentially expressed proteins. All six members of the minichromosome maintenance (MCM) complex, which is indispensable for initiation and elongation during DNA replication and transcriptionally activated by MYCN in neuroblastoma, emerged to be down-regulated by miR-183. Subsequent annotation category enrichment analysis revealed a ˜14-fold enrichment in the “MCM” protein module category, highlighting this complex as a critical node in the miR-183 signaling network. Down-regulation was confirmed by western blotting. MCMs 2 – 5 were predicted by in silico methods as direct miR-183 targets. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assays with 3′-UTR constructs of the randomly selected MCMs 3 and 5 experimentally confirmed them as direct targets of miR-183.

Conclusion: Our results reveal the MCM complex to be a critical and directly regulated node within the miR-183 signaling network in MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cells.