Semin intervent Radiol 2016; 33(02): 088-092
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1581089
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Anatomic and Technical Considerations: Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement

Christopher Doe
1  Department of Radiology, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado
Robert K. Ryu
2  Division of Interventional Radiology, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado
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10. Mai 2016 (online)


Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters play an important role in preventing pulmonary embolism in patients with deep venous thrombosis. When preparing for IVC filter placement, there are several important anatomic and technical considerations. The IVC has complex embryologic origins, and normal variants are relatively common which may necessitate a change in technique or approach. When performing the procedure, the choice in imaging modality for deployment, location of deployment, and route of access must be considered. The pediatric and pregnant populations present unique situations that require special consideration and close examination of indications and contraindications.