Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2016; 20(04): 321-326
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1570311
Original Research
Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Pitch and Loudness Tinnitus in Individuals with Presbycusis

Bruna Macangnin Seimetz
1  Program in Child and Adolescent Health, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
,
Adriane Ribeiro Teixeira
2  Department of Developmental Psychology and Personality, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Instituto de Psicologia da UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
,
Leticia Petersen Schmidt Rosito
3  Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
,
Leticia Sousa Flores
4  Audiologist Clinic, private office, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
,
Carlos Henrique Pappen
5  Medical School, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
,
Celso Dall'igna
3  Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

26 July 2015

04 October 2015

Publication Date:
01 February 2016 (eFirst)

  

Abstract

Introduction Tinnitus is a symptom that is often associated with presbycusis.

Objective This study aims to analyze the existence of association among hearing thresholds, pitch, and loudness of tinnitus in individuals with presbycusis, considering the gender variable.

Methods Cross-sectional, descriptive, and prospective study, whose sample consisted of individuals with tinnitus and diagnosis of presbycusis. For the evaluation, we performed anamnesis along with otoscopy, pure tone audiometry, and acuphenometry to analyze the psychoacoustic characteristics of tinnitus individuals.

Results The sample consisted of 49 subjects, with a mean age of 69.57 ± 6.53 years, who presented unilateral and bilateral tinnitus, therefore, a sample of 80 ears. In analyzing the results, as for acuphenometry, the loudness of tinnitus was more present at 0dB and the pitch was 6HKz and 8HKz. Regarding the analysis of the association between the frequency of greater hearing threshold and tinnitus pitch, no statistical significance (p = 0.862) was found. As for the association between the intensity of greater hearing threshold and tinnitus loudness, no statistical significance (p = 0.115) was found.

Conclusion There is no significant association between the hearing loss of patients with presbycusis and the pitch and loudness of tinnitus.