Planta Med 2015; 81 - PM_154
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1565531

Inhibition of COX-2 expression in PMA differentiated THP-1 macrophages by extracts of Epipremnum pinnatum

SP Pan 1, R Bauer 1
  • 1Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 4, Graz, Austria

COX-2 is a mediator of inflammation and highly expressed in diseased conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, asthma and several autoimmune diseases. Since many anti-inflammatory agents on the market treating these diseases cause severe side effects, natural sources offer a great pool for discovering novel lead compounds targeting COX-2 [1].

Epipremnum pinnatum (L.) Engl. (Araceae) is traditionally used as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent in various areas of Asia [2]. Little is known about the mode of action and the chemical composition of this plant. With a PMA differentiated, LPS stimulated THP-1 inflammation model [3], we evaluated the influence of leaf extracts (hexan, dichlormethan, methanol) on COX-2 gene expression. At the concentration of 20 µg/mL, the methanol extract showed potent COX-2 mRNA inhibition (54.3% +/- 9.2). Extracts prepared by two different extraction methods (ASE, Soxhlet) were compared and showed similar inhibition of COX-2 gene expression.

We could demonstrate for the first time that the methanol extract of Epipremnum pinnatum exerts strong COX-2 gene expression inhibition in vitro. The observed effect may help us to understand the traditional use of Epipremnum pinnatum and possibly lead to identification and isolation of novel COX-2 gene expression inhibitors.


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