Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2016; 20(01): 076-083
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1563382
Systematic Review
Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Mastoid Obliteration with Autologous Bone in Mastoidectomy Canal Wall Down Surgery: a Literature Overview

Ricardo Dourado Alves
1   Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Francisco Cabral Junior
1   Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Anna Carolina de Oliveira Fonseca
1   Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Ricardo Ferreira Bento
1   Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

11 May 2015

02 June 2015

Publication Date:
24 August 2015 (online)


Introduction The objectives of mastoidectomy in cholesteatoma are a disease-free and dry ear, the prevention of recurrent disease, and the maintenance of hearing or the possibility to reconstruct an affected hearing mechanism. Canal wall down mastoidectomy has been traditionally used to achieve those goals with greater or lesser degrees of success. However, canal wall down is an aggressive approach, as it involves creating an open cavity and changing the anatomy and physiology of the middle ear and mastoid. A canal wall up technique eliminates the need to destroy the middle ear and mastoid, but is associated with a higher rate of residual cholesteatoma. The obliteration technics arise as an effort to avoid the disadvantages of both techniques.

Objectives Evaluate the effectiveness of the mastoid obliteration with autologous bone in mastoidectomy surgery with canal wall down for chronic otitis, with or without cholesteatoma.

Data Synthesis We analyzed nine studies of case series comprehending similar surgery techniques on 1017 total cases of operated ears in both adults and children, with at least 12 months follow-up.

Conclusion Mastoid Obliteration with autologous bone has been utilized for many years to present date, and it seems to be safe, low-cost, with low recurrence rates - similar to traditional canal wall down procedures and with greater water resistance and quality of life improvements.

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