Synlett 2015; 26(20): 2789-2794
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1560173
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© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Highly Efficient Mechanochemical N-Arylation of Amino Alcohols and Diamines with Cu0 Powder

Katia Martina
Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del Farmaco and NIS, Centre for Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces, University of Turin, Via P. Giuria 9, 10125 Turin, Italy   Email: giancarlo.cravotto@unito.it
,
Laura Rinaldi
Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del Farmaco and NIS, Centre for Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces, University of Turin, Via P. Giuria 9, 10125 Turin, Italy   Email: giancarlo.cravotto@unito.it
,
Francesca Baricco
Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del Farmaco and NIS, Centre for Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces, University of Turin, Via P. Giuria 9, 10125 Turin, Italy   Email: giancarlo.cravotto@unito.it
,
Luisa Boffa
Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del Farmaco and NIS, Centre for Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces, University of Turin, Via P. Giuria 9, 10125 Turin, Italy   Email: giancarlo.cravotto@unito.it
,
Giancarlo Cravotto*
Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del Farmaco and NIS, Centre for Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces, University of Turin, Via P. Giuria 9, 10125 Turin, Italy   Email: giancarlo.cravotto@unito.it
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Received: 03 July 2015

Accepted after revision: 21 July 2015

Publication Date:
03 September 2015 (online)


Abstract

Cu0-catalysed arylations have rightly acquired great importance over the last decade. This paper reports the N-arylation of amino alcohols and diamines with iodobenzene derivatives in a planetary ball mill and an investigation into the procedure. This newly developed solvent-free protocol is fast, efficient and occurs under the mechanochemical activation of metallic copper powder. It does not require additional ligands and gives excellent yields. This paper aims to broaden the scope of mechanochemical Cu0-activation and so a new one-pot, two-step synthesis that combines CuAAC and N-arylation has been successfully performed and reported herein.

Supporting Information

 
  • References and Notes


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  • 34 3-(N-Methyl-4-methoxyphenylamino)propane-1,2-diol (3n): yellowish amorphous solid (32%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 6.85 (m, 4 H), 3.95 (m, 1 H), 3.76 (m, 4 H), 3.52–3.58 (dd, J = 6.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.26–3.29 (m, 1 H), 3.16 (m, 1 H), 2.87 (s, 3 H). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 153.28, 144.64, 116.69, 114.57, 68.89, 64.20, 57.78, 55.62, 40.51. MS (MALDI–TOF): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C11H17NO3: 212.1256; found: 212.1264.
  • 35 Triazole derivative 3o: white powder (56%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 7.71 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2 H), 7.53 (s, 1 H), 7.34 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 2 H), 7.17–7.27 (m, 1 H), 6.56 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 2 H), 5.36 (s, 2 H), 3.11 (br s, 2 H), 2.89 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 2 H). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 149.3, 148.3, 131.1, 130.2, 129.2, 128.4, 126.1, 123.1, 119.6, 113.5, 54.5, 46.6, 41.4. MS (MALDI–TOF): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C17H19N5: 294.1640; found: 294.1644.