Clinical spectrum of cerebral palsy in Jordanian children: An analysis of 200 cases
21 March 2006
24 April 2006
30 July 2015 (online)
This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical profile and predisposing factors of cerebral palsy (CP) in Jordanian children. Two hundred Jordanian children born between 1990 and 2005 with CP were reviewed in three teaching hospitals to study prospectively and retrospectively their clinical profile, possible etiological factors, and associated problems. A data collection sheet was developed to collect information from the children’s parents, or occasionally from the chart regarding the demographic characteristics, detailed history, findings of the physical, developmental and neurological examination. Spastic CP was the predominant type (64.5%) with a quadriplegic CP being the most common (36%). Dyskinetic CP was present in 10.5%, while ataxic in 18%. In congenital CP, birth asphyxia constituted a significant possible cause (33.5%). Epilepsy is one of the most common associated problems among CP children constituting 56%. The results of our magnetic resonance imaging findings showed that only 15.5% of the children were normal. This was the first study which detailed the clinical spectrum of CP in Jordan. We concluded that the clinical spectrum of CP in our developing countries may differ from that of the developed countries.