Ventilator-associated pneumonia in children
10 December 2006
13 February 2007
28 July 2015 (online)
Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a common complication of mechanical ventilation in pediatric intensive care units, which results in excess mortality, prolonged lengths of hospitalization and increased medical care cost. Published guidelines are based on data from adults but limited data available for pediatric population. In this article, we aimed to review epidemiology, pathogenesis, predisposing factors, diagnosis, treatment and prevention approaches for ventilator-associated pneumonia specifically in pediatric patients.