J Pediatr Infect Dis 2008; 03(03): 205-207
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1556987
Case Report
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart – New York

Katayama fever: A cause of fever in children returning from the tropics

Pernille Brandt
a  Department of Pediatrics, Kolding Hospital, Kolding, Denmark
Poul-Erik Kofoed
b  Research Initiative of Health Services, Kolding Hospital / IRS, University of Southern, Kolding, Denmark
› Author Affiliations

Subject Editor:
Further Information

Publication History

16 March 2008

23 May 2008

Publication Date:
28 July 2015 (online)


Schistosomiasis is a common parasitic infection especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, but is also present in Asia and South-America. With the increase in the number of Europeans travelling to endemic areas, more patients with acute infections would be expected. A case of a four year old boy with symptoms of Katayama fever, as acute schistosomiasis is called, is presented. Diagnostic procedures and treatment is described. It is important for clinicians to being able to recognize this disease entity and to advise travellers to avoid fresh water in endemic areas in order not to put them selves at risk of the infection.