Planta Med 2015; 81 - PG1
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1556232

Gastric antiulcer, antisecretory and cytoprotective properties of celery (Apium graveolens) in rats

T AlHowiriny 1, 3, A Alsheikh 2, M Al-Yahya 1, K ElTahir 1, S Rafatullah 1, 3
  • 1Departments of Pharmacognosy and Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2457, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
  • 2Department of Pathology, P.O. Box 2925, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh 11461, Saudi Arabia
  • 3Medicinal, Aromatic and Poisonous Plants Research Center (MAPPRC), College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2457, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia

Celery seed is generally regarded as safe for human consumption as a spice, natural seasoning and plant extract/essential oil. 500 grams of the shade dried aerial parts of celery was coarse powdered and macerated in 3 liters of 96% ethanol for 72 hours using percolation method. Wistar albino rats were used. Celery extract produced a dose-dependent significant protection against the ulcerogenic effect induced by indomethacin. In the ethanol and strong alkali-induced ulcer protocol, it was observed that the treatment with ethanolic extract of celery (250 and 500 mg/kg) significantly reduced the lesion index. A highly significant reduction of ulceration in rats' stomach and intraluminal bleeding was recorded after celery extract pretreatment of the dose of 500 mg./kg orally. In the gastric secretion determination model, using ligated pylorus for 6h, the treatment with celery extract (250 and 500 mg/kg i.p.), reduced the volume of the basal gastric secretion, titratable acidity and ulceration significantly in comparison with control group. The results show that ethanol extract of celery displays gastroprotective activity, as demonstrated by its significant inhibition of the formation of ulcers induced by different experimental models and its ability to decrease basal gastric acid secretion. This gastric antiulcer capacity of celery extract could be related to its antioxidant properties, resulting in reduction of the lipid peroxidation and elevation of the NP-SH contents, besides improving mucus coat of the stomach. Therefore, we suggest that due to its antioxidative effects, it may be useful in the prevention of gastric disorders.