Ultrasound Int Open 2015; 01(02): E34-E40
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1555919
Review
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Common and Uncommon Presentation of Fluid within the Scrotal Spaces

V. Patil
1   Radiodiagnosis, JSS Medical College, Mysore, India
,
S. M. C. Shetty
1   Radiodiagnosis, JSS Medical College, Mysore, India
,
S. Das
1   Radiodiagnosis, JSS Medical College, Mysore, India
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received 21 January 2015

accepted 29 June 2015

Publication Date:
06 November 2015 (online)

Abstract

Ultrasonography(US) of the scrotum has been demonstrated to be useful in the diagnosis of fluid in the scrotal sac. Grayscale US characterizes the lesions as testicular or extratesticular and, with color Doppler, power Doppler and pulse Doppler, any perfusion can also be assessed. Cystic or encapsulated fluid collections are relatively common benign lesions that usually present as palpable testicular lumps. Most cysts arise in the epidydimis, but all anatomical structures of the scrotum can be the site of their origin. US may suggest a specific diagnosis for a wide variety of intrascrotal cystic and fluid lesions and appropriately guide therapeutic options. The paper reviews the current knowledge of ultrasound in conditions with fluid in the testis and scrotum. The review presents the applications of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of hydrocele, testicular cysts, epididymal cysts, spermatoceles, tubular ectasia, hernia and hematoceles. The aim of this paper is to provide a pictorial review of the common and uncommon presentation of fluid within the scrotal spaces.