Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2015; 19(04): 279-285
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1554727
Original Research
Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Oral Lesions in Elderly Patients in Referral Centers for Oral Lesions of Bahia

Sarah Souza
1  Health Department, UEFS, Feira de Santana, Brazil
Técia Alves
1  Health Department, UEFS, Feira de Santana, Brazil
Jean Santos
2  Health Department, UFBA, Salvador, Brazil
Márcio Oliveira
1  Health Department, UEFS, Feira de Santana, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

21 August 2014

20 April 2015

Publication Date:
18 July 2015 (online)



Introduction The aging population phenomenon is occurring on a global scale; aging affects all of the structures of organisms, including the oral cavity.

Objective To estimate the frequency of oral lesions, according to the clinical and histopathologic diagnoses, and to describe the sociodemographic profile of the elderly treated at the referral centers of oral lesions of public universities in Bahia, Brazil.

Methods A descriptive epidemiologic study with transverse characteristics was conducted with elderly patients between August 2010 and January 2012. A form was used to collect data. The descriptive analysis consisted of calculating the simple and relative frequencies of sociodemographic variables and oral lesions.

Results The population was predominantly black women, and the minority of elderly people were retired. Fibroid (13%) and squamous cell carcinoma (145%) were more prevalent clinical diagnoses, with squamous cell carcinoma (30.7%) and fibrous hyperplasia more prevalent histopathologic diagnoses.

Conclusion A prevention policy needs to be implemented to reduce new cases of oral lesions in Bahia, Brazil and to aid in early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of oral lesions.