Horm Metab Res 2015; 47(06): 418-426
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1548868
Review
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Renin and Aldosterone Measurements in the Management of Arterial Hypertension

A. Viola
1  Division of Internal Medicine and Hypertension, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
,
S. Monticone
1  Division of Internal Medicine and Hypertension, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
,
J. Burrello
1  Division of Internal Medicine and Hypertension, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
,
F. Buffolo
1  Division of Internal Medicine and Hypertension, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
,
M. Lucchiari
2  Clinical Chemistry Laboratory, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
,
F. Rabbia
1  Division of Internal Medicine and Hypertension, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
,
T. A. Williams
1  Division of Internal Medicine and Hypertension, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
,
F. Veglio
1  Division of Internal Medicine and Hypertension, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
,
G. Mengozzi
2  Clinical Chemistry Laboratory, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
,
P. Mulatero
1  Division of Internal Medicine and Hypertension, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, Torino, Italy
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received 23 July 2014

accepted 12 March 2015

Publication Date:
08 May 2015 (online)

Abstract

Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is recognized as the main regulatory system of hemodynamics in man, and its derangements have a key role in the development and maintenance of arterial hypertension. Classification of the hypertensive states according to different patterns of renin and aldosterone levels (“RAAS profiling”) allows the diagnosis of specific forms of secondary hypertension and may identify distinct hemodynamic subsets in essential hypertension. In this review, we summarize the application of RAAS profiling for the diagnostic assessment of hypertensive patients and discuss how the pathophysiological framework provided by RAAS profiling may guide therapeutic decision-making, especially in the context of uncontrolled hypertension not responding to multi-therapy.