Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2015; 19(04): 298-301
DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1548535
Original Research
Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

The Efficacy of Nasal Steroids in Treatment of Otitis Media with Effusion: A Comparative Study

Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar
1  Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
,
Ahmad Abdel-Fattah Nofal
1  Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
,
Alaa Omar Khazbak
1  Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
,
Ahmad Ebrahim El Sayed
1  Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
,
Mohammad Ramadan Hassan
1  Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

09 December 2014

22 January 2015

Publication Date:
18 March 2015 (eFirst)

  

Abstract

Introduction Otitis media with effusion (OME) continues to be an important pediatric clinical problem, and more studies are needed to decide the proper treatment for it.

Objective To assess the efficacy of nasal steroids in the management of OME by comparing its results with that of oral steroid and that of nasal saline spray as placebo.

Methods This study was carried on 60 patients with OME who were divided into three groups: in group 1, 20 patients received mometasone furoate spray, one puff in each nostril daily, for 3 months; in group 2, 20 patients received oral prednisolone, 5 mg three times per day for the first 3 weeks; in group 3, 20 patients received nasal saline spray, one puff in each nostril daily for 3 months.

Results A highly significant difference between systemic or topical (nasal spray) steroid therapy and saline nasal spray was detected (p < 0.001), and the difference between systemic and topical steroid was nonsignificant (p > 0.05).

Conclusion Nasal steroid spray can be used as an effective treatment for OME, giving a significant result similar to systemic steroid. Further studies are needed to investigate its use for longer duration and in recurrent cases.