Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2015; 123(02): 132-138
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1396810
Article
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Clinical Characteristics and Predictive Factors of Subclinical Diabetic Nephropathy

Y. Zhang*
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
J. Yang*
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
M. Zheng
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
Y. Wang
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
H. Ren
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
Y. Xu
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
Y. Yang
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
J. Cheng
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
F. Han
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
X. Yang
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
L. Chen
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
C. Shan
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
,
B. Chang
1  Department of Nephropathy, 2011 Collaborative Innovation Center of Tianjin for Medical Epigenetics, the Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received 18 September 2014
first decision 23 November 2014

accepted 03 December 2014

Publication Date:
21 January 2015 (online)

Abstract

Background: To investigate the clinical characteristics and predictive factors of subclinical diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetes patients.

Methods: A total of 298 type 2 diabetes patients were divided into 3 groups based on 24-h urinary microalbumin and estimated glomerular filtration rate: patients with normal albuminuria and glomerular filtration rate (NC), patients with normoalbuminuria and glomerular hyperfiltration (SDN) and patients with microalbuminuria (EDN). The renal size, tubular injury markers and ambulatory blood pressure were analyzed.

Results: Renal size increased in the SDN and EDN groups compared to the NC group (P<0.05), while renal length in the SDN group was greater than the EDN group (P<0.05). Patients in the SDN and EDN groups had higher level of urine retinol binding protein and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase and most of them developed proximal tubular dysfunction. The SDN group had higher 24-h mean and nocturnal diastolic blood pressure than the NC group (P<0.05), while the EDN group had higher systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure than the SDN group (P<0.01). More patients developed abnormal blood pressure rhythm in the SDN and EDN groups. The likelihood of a decrease in nocturnal systolic blood pressure was lower as the microalbuminuria increased. Increased renal size, more abnormal tubular injury markers and higher 24-h mean and nocturnal blood pressure were all risk factors of subclinical diabetic nephropathy.

Conclusion: Patients with subclinical diabetic nephropathy had increased renal size, abnormal tubular injury markers, high blood pressure and abnormal circadian rhythm.

* These authors contributed equally to this project.