Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2015; 19(03): 216-221
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1395997
Original Research
Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Relationship between Otolaryngologic Complaints and Systemic Comorbidities Observed in a Group of Hearing Aid Users

Angela Ribas
1  Communication Disorders Postgraduate Program, Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
,
Renata Silvestre
1  Communication Disorders Postgraduate Program, Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
,
Carla Meller Mottecy
1  Communication Disorders Postgraduate Program, Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
,
Lorena Kozlowski
2  Department of Audiology, Centro de Audição e Linguagem, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
,
Jair Mendes Marques
1  Communication Disorders Postgraduate Program, Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

12 May 2014

18 October 2014

Publication Date:
28 November 2014 (online)

  

Abstract

Introduction Optimization of the selection, adaptation, and benefit of hearing aids is necessary to characterize and manage hearing loss, user expectations, otolaryngologic symptoms, and systemic comorbidities.

Objective To compare the occurrence of otologic complaints, systemic diseases, and effective use of hearing aids in men and women with deafness.

Methods Patients from a Unified Health System–accredited hearing health service, who reported problems in adapting to their hearing aids, were evaluated by a physician and audiologist. An anamnesis, ENT evaluation, and audiological evaluation were performed.

Results During the data collection period, 278 subjects came in for follow-up visits; of these, 61 (21%) reported otologic or operational problems with their equipment. The most prevalent type of hearing loss was basocochlear, a characteristic of presbycusis, in both men and women; the most frequently reported comorbidities were hypercholesterolemia (more significant in women) and hypertension (more significant in men). Fourteen subjects reported using their device discontinuously, with no significant difference between genders; the reasons for discontinuation of use were itching and ringing, with more complaints from women.

Conclusion The incidence of systemic and audiological complaints is high in this population. These patients should be evaluated thoroughly, as resolutions of these complaints can contribute to improving the quality of life and assist in the process of hearing aid fitting.