Profiles Description of Patients Oriented about Harmful Oral Habits
Introduction: Speech therapists develop techniques to help children eliminate oral habits on their own, just by enlightening on possible harms they can provide. However, the quantitative knowledge about these habits must be disseminated so all the health professionals can efficiently interfere and help these children.
Objective: To describe the profile of oriented patients about harmful oral habits by the University Extension Program “Crescer Sorrindo.”
Method: Transversal descriptive study realized with patient’s parents waiting at the specialties ambulatory of SUS, from July to November 2013. Data such as age, sex, residence, and previous orientation about oral habits were collected. Project approved by UFCSPA’s Research Ethics Committee number 1853/12 in 03/21/2013.
Results: Total of 73 patients were oriented; 53.4% were male; ages predominantly over 6 years and between 1 and 2.5 years old. About residence, 43.8% lived in the metropolitan region, 27.4% in Porto Alegre, and 8.2% in south-east region of the state. Only 30% had previous orientations on harmful oral habits.
Conclusion: We conclude that most of the oriented patients were male, predominantly older than 6 years old—age in which those habits should have already ceased due its harms on speech and learning. The majority of patients lived in metropolitan region and had never been oriented about removing these habits. Based on this, we should intensify and direct our efforts to this identified population, contributing to life and communication quality of these patients.
Keywords: Incidence, orientation, oral habits, speech therapy.