Profile of the Patients Assisted by the Speech-Language Therapy on Cleft Lip and Palate Ambulatory
Introduction: The cleft lip and palate are congenital malformation that can be defined on the basis of its manifestations, being characterized for palate, lip, or both, structural discontinuity, with these injuries occurring at different locations and with varying lengths. Nowadays, the most accepted classification for these injuries uses as reference is the anterior incisive foramen, defining three main groups for these injuries: incisive preforamen clefts, incisive postforamen clefts, and incisive transforamen cleft.
Objectives: To characterize the profile of the patients treated by the speech-language therapy on cleft lip and palate ambulatory.
Methods: Cross-sectional study, held from August 2013 to April 2014 on a Public Health System Ambulatory from a pediatric hospital in the city of Porto Alegre.
Results: Thirteen patients were assisted: 53.84% were female with an average age of 4.6 years old. As for cleft classification, 69.23% incisive transforamen cleft and 30.77%, incisive postforamen clefts. There were no cases in the ambulatory for incisive preforamen clefts. From the assisted patients, 76.92% had already passed for at least one surgical intervention for cleft correction.
Conclusion: With this study, it can be observed the prevalence of incisive transforamen clefts lip and palate and that the majority of the cases occur in female subjects. This information became important for the posterior establishment of the therapies directed to this public, therefore, providing better quality of life to these patients.
Keywords: Speech-language therapy, prevalence, cleft lip and palate.