Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2014; 18 - a2192
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1388988

Speech-Language Therapy Intervention in Children with Acute Viral Bronchiolitis during Hospitalization

Vanessa Souza Gigoski 1, Daniel Augusto Meneghini 1, Lisiane De Rosa Barbosa 1, Maria Cristina de Almeida Freitas Cardoso 1, Rafaela Soares Rech 1
  • 1Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre

Introduction: Acute viral bronchiolitis is characterized by being the first episode of lower airways in children younger than 1 year old, with features such as increased respiratory rate and fatigue while feeding , causing the admissions disease.

Objectives: Report Speech-Language therapy in children with acute viral bronchiolitis.

Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional study that evaluated medical records of 24 children with acute viral bronchiolitis in a children’s hospital , from March to December 2013.

Results: Among the 24 children, 50% received direct speech-language therapy in sensorial motor stimulation and 50% were evaluated and counseled on feeding, positioning, and sucking rhythm. Among patients receiving guidance, 75% were discharged with oral feeding. Among the patients who required intervention, 50% were discharged with oral, with 33.3 and 16.6% nasal enteric probe with oral probe. Patients received stimulation with direct intervention of nonnutritive sucking, and 41.6% with pacifiers, 33.3% pacifier and with a gloved finger, and 25% with just the gloved finger.

Conclusion: The study shows that the speech-language intervention in cases of acute viral bronchiolitis is performed in children with higher risk for food, which eventually discharged with alternative feeding. Note the importance of speech-language evaluation to restore power as safely and efficiently for the patient. From this study on new forms of speech-language therapy may be studied, aiming at rehabilitation of power more effectively.

Keywords: Acute viral bronchiolitis, intervention, speech-language therapy.