The Implication of the Speech Therapy in the Notions of Vocal Health in Television Reporters, Teresina/PI
Introduction: The voice is an instrument of work of the most professional, and therefore, is more susceptible to vocal pathologies. The factors that could cause vocal damage are both individual and environmental.
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge of reporters about the notions of vocal health in television stations.
Methods: In this study, 40 journalists who play the role of television reporter participated a study answering a questionnaire with 25 questions pertaining to vocal health. This study was approved with CAAE (Certificate Submitted to the Ethics Committee): 23041013.4.0000.5211.
Results: Participants’ age ranged between 27 and 58 years, getting the average age at 34.8 years. The female sex was the predominant (55%). The length of service was 10.1 years, with an average workday of 6.2 daily hours. Among the 05 participating stations, only 02 (40%) have an audiologist, which corresponds to half of the collected samples (n = 20). The average time of monitoring by the professionals was 11.3 months, performed only once a week (p < 0.01). The questions with a higher hit rate are related to smoking, temperature variation, and vocal abuse; those who had lower scores were eating dairy foods, outdoor speaking, and the use of drops. The work of the audiologist promotes the proper use of gestures and notions of vocal health (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: The reporters are aware about the notions of vocal health and the speech therapist promotes better professional performance.