The Profile of Speech-Language Therapists that Work in the States of Paraná and Santa Catarina: A Comparative Analysis for the Years 2000 and 2011
Introduction: Changes in the formation and performance of the speech-language pathologist are felt; however, they do not occur in a linear and homogeneous, due to the different regional characteristics and needs.
Objective: The study aimed to conduct a comparative analysis of speech-language pathologist profiles working in the states of Santa Catarina and Paraná in 2000 and 2011.
Methods: Application of questionnaire with the following variables: identification data, undergraduate and graduate student education, and professional aspects. The responses obtained in 2000 and 2011 were statistically compared.
Results: The number of active speech-language pathologists in the jurisdiction of the Council tripled; the profile was similar with regard to gender; however, there was a 10-year increase in the average and maximum age. The majority of respondents, both in 2000 and 2011, completed the undergraduate course in the jurisdiction of the Council; there was a larger exodus of professionals from the capital cities to other cities in both Brazilian states; there was a significant increase in the number of graduates of specialization courses; there were significant differences with regard to employment and the type of institution in which they worked; there was a decrease in the number of freelance professionals and an increase in the number of speech-language pathologists employed by public institutions.
Conclusion: There were changes in the profile of speech-language pathologists working in the states of Paraná and Santa Catarina, especially regarding the educational level for specialization and the exodus primarily from private clinical and rehabilitative institutions to public health institutions and education aimed at prevention and promotion.