Audiometric Characterization of Adults and Elderly Patients Referred to a Hearing Evaluation
Introduction: The gathering of hearing health profile in a population becomes an important epidemiologic tool to the search and definition of new health politics and effective prevention measurements.
Objective: This study aims to verify the prevalence and characteristics of the hearing change of adults and elderly attended by the hearing health sector from the ambulatory of the otorhinolaryngology service from philanthropic hospital in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Methods: It was a retrospective study, performed by analyzing the medical records of 554 subjects attended by the hearing sector from the ambulatory of the otorhinolaryngology service from philanthropic hospital between March 2011 and October 2012.
Results: Most of the samples studied (83.4%) presented hearing loss, prevailing the sensorineural kind (51.4%) and the mild degree (34.8%). The hearing loss of the sensorineural kind prevailed in the age group older than 51 years and the conductive kind in the age group younger than 50 years.
Conclusion: The prevalence of the hearing loss in the studied groups showed to be high, implying the importance of having diagnostic services available and the specific treatment in the Public Health Service.
Keywords: Hearing loss, hard of hearing, deafness, presbyacusis.