Pathology Associated with Acute Viral Bronchiolitis in Children Admitted Infants Hospital
Introduction: Acute viral bronchiolitis (AVB) is an acute inflammatory disease caused by the respiratory syncytial virus. The disease is characterized as the first episode of a disease of the lower airways in children younger than 12 months.
Objective: This study aims to investigate the occurrence of pathologies associated with cases of acute viral bronchiolitis in children hospitalized in a children’s hospital.
Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study, in which 24 cases of children with acute viral bronchiolitis were evaluated from March to December 2013.
Results: Of the 24 children in the sample of this study, we observed the following pathologies associated with AVB: achondroplasia (01), heart disease (01), Down syndrome (01), pneumocystis (01), atelectasis of the Wolves Lower (01), cerebral palsy (01), laryngomalacia (01), bilateral hydronephrosis (01), influenza B (01), oral candidiasis (01), allergy to milk protein (01), acute respiratory distress syndrome (01), Pierre Robin sequence (02), syphilis (02), West syndrome (02), and pertussis (04), with only one child in the sample showing no associated pathologies. The AVB was shown to be present in 95.83% of the cases in this study associated with other pathologies and 33.33% associated with a respiratory disorder.
Conclusion: It was observed that the occurrence of various diseases associated in patients does not have any specific pattern or comorbidity in frequent association. Cases of whooping cough were the most frequent, this also being a respiratory disease of the respiratory tract but is however caused by bacterial agents.
Keywords: bronchiolitis, viral , disease, communicable diseases.