Case Report: Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma of Thyroid
Introduction: The non-Hodgkin lymphomas in the thyroid are rare, representing 0.6 to 5.0% of malignant tumors from this gland. Most cases are reported with women older than 40 years and it is often associated with Hashimoto thyroiditis. Early and correct diagnoses are essentially on prognosis and treatment of thyroid lymphoma.
Objectives: The aim of this study is to present a case of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the thyroid.
Reported: The case relates to the woman aged 62 years with goiter and rapidly enlarging anterior neck mass. She was admitted to the hospital, presenting shortness of breath, cough, and dysphagia. A biopsy was performed. Diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma was made with histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis. The patient was treated with chemotherapy.
Conclusion: Primary lymphoma of thyroid should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with thyroid nodules, goiter, and other disorders of this gland, mainly because of the different approaches.
Keywords: non-Hodgkin lymphoma, thyroid, goiter.