Hearing Screening in Children from 0 to 5 Years in Private Clinic
Introduction: Infant hearing screening (HS) is indicated for the early identification of hearing loss.
Objective: To evaluate the HS in children aged 0 to 5 years according to risk indicators and gender.
Methods: Medical records of children aged 0 to 5 years old who underwent screening in the period 2000 to 2009 were selected charts containing historical information about prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal care and outcome of HS were analyzed.
Results: A total of 2,631 records were analyzed, of which 1,283 (48.76%) children were female and 1,348 (51.24%) were male. Their ages ranged between 0 and 72 months (mean 2.45 ± 6.23 years). It found transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) in 2,495 (94.8%) right ears and 2,502 (95.1%) left ears. Risk indicators in 355 children (13.5%), these being limited to the peri -and postnatal (stay in the ICU Neonatal jaundice with exchange transfusion, ototoxic) were observed. There was an association between TEOAEs and presence of risk factors (p < 0.001). Analyzing the association between each of the risk indicators observed and the presence/absence of TEOAE , however, found the use of ototoxic medication was the factor that was associated TEOAEs in both ears (right ear—p = 0.37, left ear—p = 0.007). An association between gender and TEOAE in OD (p = 0.019). The male is more associated with absent TEOAE.
Conclusion: The majority of ears presented TEOAEs. There was an association between the presence of risk indicators, gender, and TEOAEs.