Prevalence of Deleterious Oral Habits in Patients Previously Oriented
Introduction: Many authors believe that orientations regarding harmful oral habits enable parents to become stimulators of communication, facilitating the detection of changes in the functions of the stomatognathic system and allowing the fastest intervention. However, it is necessary to identify whether these orientations are being given correctly and their effectiveness to the decrease and/or removal of the oral habits.
Objective: Identify the prevalence of deleterious oral habits in patients previously oriented about its harms.
Method: Transversal descriptive study, realized with patients’ parents waiting at the specialty clinic of SUS, from July 2013 to April 2014, where data on previous orientation about oral habits and the presence of the same was collected. Project approved by UFCSPA's Research Ethics Committee number 1853/12 in 03/21/2013.
Results: Of the 79 patients interviewed, 30.38% had already been oriented about the dangers of oral habits. Those already oriented, 91.66% were bottle-fed, 54.16% used pacifiers, and 54.16% used both concurrently. As to the previous orientations, the majority (37.5%) received information after giving birth, at the hospital.
Conclusion: In this study we conclude that most patients had not previously been oriented on harmful oral habits. As for those who were previously oriented, most maintained the oral habit. We can infer that these data may be related to the situation of recurrent hospitalizations, very common in targeted audience of the project, since the site of the data collection is the specialty clinic at a children's hospital.
Keywords: prevalence, oral habits, speech therapy.