Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2014; 18 - a2520
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1388703

Association between Measures of Waist Circumference, Neck Circumference, and Body Mass Index in Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Mariana Raddi 1, Alonço Viana 1, Daniella Leitão 1, Nilce Sanny Behrens 1, Nilma Silva do Nascimento 1, Priscilla Matos 1
  • 1Hospital Naval Marcílio Dias

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is characterized by episodes of upper-airway obstruction and has been increasingly recognized as an important cardiovascular risk factor, having an intimate relationship with obesity and metabolic disorders.

Objectives: Our goal was to investigate the association between measures of waist circumference, neck circumference, and body mass index in sleep apnea syndrome.

Method: We reviewed the medical records of 50 patients with complaints of daytime sleepiness and snoring and collected the following data: weight, height, neck circumference, waist circumference, and apnea-hypopnea index.

Results: Although body mass index in sleep apnea syndrome has significant relationship with severity of obstructive sleep apnea, waist circumference was more correlated with the apnea-hypopnea index. The best anthropometric factor in determining the severity of sleep apnea was neck circumference. Neck circumference is an index of central obesity correlated with waist circumference.

Conclusion: Neck circumference is the anthropometric data evaluated more associated with the severity of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.