A Study on Epidemiological Chronic Sinusitis in Brazil
Introduction: Rhinosinusitis (RS) is in one of the most prevalent diseases of the upper airways, having high prevalence in Brazil, especially in children and its main viral etiology. Acute RS is infectious by nature, while chronic is considered multifactorial, involving the environment and associated diseases such as reflux and asthma. The most common symptoms are nasal obstruction, anterior or posterior rhinorrhea, facial pain or pressure, and reduction or loss of smell. When they last for more than 12 weeks, RS is chronic.
Objective: The study aimed to describe the epidemiological profile of hospitalizations for chronic sinusitis in Brazil, as the region, gender and age.
Methods: Observational study and retrospective, descriptive, with quantitative approaches were used. DATASUS data on admissions for chronic sinusitis were analyzed in Brazil, with profile factors, such as the region, sex, and age group between 2008 and 2013.
Results: There were 11,341 admissions with chronic sinusitis, and the southeast region, with 7,207 admissions, accounted for the majority of these (64%), Followed by the south (16%), northeast (15%), midwest (3%), and north (2%). There was no significant difference regarding the gender of those involved. As to age, increasing admissions curve reached a peak between 40 and 49 years, with 2,101 admissions.
Conclusion: Brazil lacks relapse statistics related to the prevalence of RS, hindering health actions. However, an epidemiological investigative approach, identifying the most affected individuals and locations with the highest prevalence in the country, makes it easy to identify risk factors and thus adopt preventive measures.