Findings of High Digestive Endoscopy in Patients with Laryngopharyngeal Reflux
Introduction: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a manifestation from the return of gastroduodenal and/or esophageal contents to the aerodigestive tract.
Objectives: The study aimed to describe the findings of high digestive endoscopy in patients with the diagnostic of LPR.
Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study of patients with a diagnosis of LPR seen in a clinic of otorhinolaryngology in Blumenau (SC) from January 2011 to December 2012 was done.
Results: The sample consisted of 117 patients, 87.3% (101) were found with some amendment, 5.1% (6) were diagnosed with cancer, and 8.5% did not change when the tests performed to compare the findings with respect to the following characteristics: gender, age, LPR grade, and examination of Helicobacter pylori. The study demonstrated significant differences in age of patients with respect to the three groups (cancer, normal, and some amendment), and in the cancer group showed a greater than normal age group, with a significant more predominance of females than with the normal group. When compared to the RFL, there was evident predominance in grade 2 in both pathological group 1 (62.69% of 67 patients), in the group of conditions 2 (66.67% of 57 patients), group 3 (66.67% of 33 patients), group 4 (67.74% of 31 patients), and in group 5 the prevalence of diseases was introduced in grades 1 and 2 with 37.50 and 56.25%, respectively, of the 16 patients in the study, for other groups of pathologies no statistically significant differences were found.
Conclusion: Some findings help to determine the type and duration of treatment and your prognosis.