Evaluation of Tympanoplasty with Ossicular Chain Reconstruction Using Cartilage or Prostheses
Introduction: Many surgical techniques and prostheses have been developed during the past 2 decades. Prosthesis of titanium is one of the most modern medical devices . Biological materials such as bone and cartilage may also be used in these prostheses.
Objective: The study aimed to evaluate anatomical and functional results using prostheses or cartilage in tympanoplasties.
Study Design: Retrospective clinical study of tympanoplasty with prostheses or cartilage in patients operated in the University Hospital of Brasília.
Results: There was no statistically significant association between the variable group (reconstruction cartilage or titanium) and preoperative variables. There was no statistically significant association between postoperative patient characteristics and type of reconstruction. Neither subjective improvement (better hearing) nor the residual perforation was associated with a type of reconstruction.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that two groups are comparable, and in the end there were no differences in subjective improvement or the residual perforation.