Int J Sports Med 2015; 36(02): 175-181
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1385878
Behavioural Sciences
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Aerobic and Resistance Training Improves Mood State among Adults Living with HIV

J. R. Jaggers
1   Applied Health Sciences, Murray State University, Murray, United States
,
G. A. Hand
2   Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, United States
,
W. D. Dudgeon
3   Health and Human Performance, College of Charleston, Charleston, United States
,
S. Burgess
4   College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, Columbia, United States
,
K. D. Phillips
5   College of Nursing, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, United States
,
J. L. Durstine
2   Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, United States
,
S. N. Blair
2   Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, United States
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History



accepted after revision 12 June 2014

Publication Date:
16 October 2014 (online)

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training among self-reported mood disturbances, perceived stress, frequency of self-reported symptoms, and symptom distress in a sample of HIV+ adults. For this purpose, 49 participants were randomly assigned into an exercise (EX) or control (CON) group. Those in the EX group completed 50 min of supervised aerobic and resistance training at a moderate intensity twice a week for 6 weeks. The CON group reported to the university and engaged in sedentary activities. Data were collected at baseline before randomization and 6 weeks post intervention. Measures included the symptom distress scale (SDS), perceived stress scale (PSS), profile of mood states (POMS) total score, and the POMS sub-scale for depression and fatigue. A 2 way ANOVA was used to compare between and within group interactions. The EX group showed a significant decrease in reported depression scores (p=0.03) and total POMS (p=0.003). The CON group reported no change in POMS or SDS, but showed a significant increase in PSS. These findings indicate that combination aerobic and resistance training completed at a moderate intensity at least twice a week provides additional psychological benefits independent of disease status and related symptoms.