J Knee Surg 2015; 28(04): 315-320
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1384214
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Femoral Mechanical–Anatomical Angle Measurements in Total Knee Arthroplasty: Analog versus Digital

B. van Groningen
1  Orthopaedic Center Máxima, Máxima Medical Centre, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
,
J. W. A. M. den Teuling
1  Orthopaedic Center Máxima, Máxima Medical Centre, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
,
S. Houterman
2  Department of Education and Research, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
,
R. P. A. Janssen
1  Orthopaedic Center Máxima, Máxima Medical Centre, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

27 November 2013

21 May 2014

Publication Date:
26 June 2014 (online)

Abstract

Preoperative planning in total knee arthroplasty with intramedullary guiding systems requires the measurement of the femoral mechanical–anatomical angle (FMAA) for optimal alignment correction. The main goal of this study was to assess the agreement between two digital FMAA measurements and the analog FMAA measurement. Overall 41 anteroposterior weight-bearing hip-to-ankle radiographs of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were used for the measurements of the FMAA. The analog method (gold standard, GS) was compared with two new digital methods (DIG1 and DIG2) using intraclass correlation (ICC) and Bland–Altman plots, measured by three blinded raters. The ICC for measurements of the FMAA comparing the GS and DIG1 was 0.48 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.20–0.68), and 0.53 (95% CI 0.26–0.73) for comparing GS and DIG2. The ICC between raters for DIG1 was 0.79 (95% CI 0.68–0.88) and 0.88 (95% CI 0.80–0.93) for DIG2. Bland–Altman plots showed a mean difference between the GS and DIG1 of −0.44 degrees, with 95% limits of agreement from 1.21 to −2.09 degrees. The mean difference between the GS and DIG2 was −0.68 degrees with 95% limits of agreement from 0.99 to −2.35 degrees. It was concluded that the digital FMAA measurement is less reliable than analog measurement in total knee arthroplasty.