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A Prospective Research Study of Anti-Glaucoma Drugs Prescribing, Utilization Pattern and Adverse Drug Reaction Recording in a University Hospital
received 11 March 2014
accepted 03 May 2014
28 May 2014 (online)
Objective: This study was carried out to evaluate the drug prescribing, utilization pattern and adverse drug reactions recording associated with drugs prescribed to glaucoma patients.
Materials and Methods: A total of 50 glaucoma patients were included in the study, based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. All the observations were recorded in drug utilization and ADR recording documentation form.
Results: Out of 50 patients suffering from glaucoma, 38 patients (76%) were diagnosed open angle glaucoma, 4 patients (8%) closed angle glaucoma and 8 patients (16%) post-operative respectively. There were 19 patients (38%) males and 31 patients (62%) were females. The age range between 41–50 years had the maximum number of patients 15 (30%). A total of 17 patients (34%) had family history of glaucoma. Timolol was prescribed to 34 patients (68%), followed by dorzolamide 18 patients (36%) and acetazolamide 14 patients (28%). A total of 32 patients (64%) were prescribed single drug therapy whereas 18 patients (36%) were on multiple drug therapy. A total of 25 patients (50%) reported ADR. In the present study, latanoprost was associated with maximum number of ADRs 9 patients (18%) followed by acetazolamide 7 patients (14%), dorzolamide 4 patients (8%), then timolol 3 patients (6%) and pilocarpine 2 patients (4%). According to Naranjo scale, in 6 patients (24%) the ADR were unlikely, 12 patients (48%) were given possible score, 3 patients (12%) were given probable score, and 4 patients (16%) were given definite scores.
Conclusion: In the present study, the maximum patients were in the age group of 41–50 years. The most commonly prescribed drugs were timolol followed by dorzolamide, acetazolamide. Latanoprost was associated with maximum number of ADRs.
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