Management of Petroclival Meningiomas: A Review of the Development of Management Strategies
The surgical management of petroclival meningioma remains challenging, due to the difficulty of accessing the region and the vital structures adjacent to the origin of these tumors. Originally, petroclival meningiomas were considered largely unresectable. Until the 1970s, resection carried a 50% mortality rate, with very high rates of operative morbidity if attempted. However, in the past 40 years, advances in neuroimaging and approaches to the region were refined, and results from resection of petroclival meningiomas have become more acceptable. Today, the developments of a multitude of surgical approaches as well as innovations in neuroimaging and stereotactic radiotherapy have proved a powerful adjunctive option for multimodality management of these challenging tumors.