J Neurol Surg B 2014; 75 - A187
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1370593

Third Ventricular Glioblastoma Multiforme: Case Report & Literature Review

Omid R. Hariri 1, Saman Farr 1, Casey Corsino 1, Andrew Bieber 1, Javed Siddiqi 1
  • 1Redlands, USA

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) typically presents in the cerebrum, localized to the frontal, temporal, or parietal lobes. The usual radiographic finding is a ring-enhanced lesion, with areas of necrosis on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Here, we present a case of a sixty-two year old female with headaches, increasing somnolence and cognitive decline over several weeks. MRI showed mild hydrocephalus with a well marginated, homogenous, and non-hemorrhagic lesion of the posterior third ventricle. The lesion was found extending between the leaves of the septum pellucidum, and the body of the fornix, without evidence of either necrosis or ring enhancement on post-contrast T1-weighted MRI imaging (Fig. 1a). Final pathology reports confirmed the diagnosis of GBM, including GFAP by immunohistochemistry and a high Ki-67 by immunohistochemistry. There were also classic microscopic findings such as a serpentine patter of necrosis, surrounding hypercellularity, and the characteristic perinecrotic pseudo-palisading pattern of GBM (Fig. 2). This case report describes an unusual location for the most common primary brain neoplasm. Moreover, this case also identifies the origin of a GBM related to the paracentral ventricular structures, interpositioning itself between the body of the fornix and leaves of the septum pellucidum. We also review the existing literature on rare incidents of glioblastomas that were reported to be isolated to the third ventricle. A discussion of the current theories on the potential origins of glioblastoma follows, and we also propose a hypothesis for how such lesions can form in the third ventricle. Moreover, the radiographic findings in this case did not show any evidence or typical characteristic attributable to GBM. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of a GBM found in this anatomical location, with such atypical radiographic presentation.

Fig. 1a Preoperative contrast-enhancing T1-weighted MRI. Axial section showing a solitary anterior third ventricle mass. The lesion shows no ring enhancement and presents with a heterogeneous pattern.

Fig. 2 Histologic examination of the excised tissue. (A) Histological section of the resected mass (hematoxylin and eosin stain) at low magnifi cation, showing the serpentine patter of necrosis, and surrounding hypercellularity. (B) Higher magnifi cation of the inset area; showing a focus of necrosis, with the characteristic perinecrotic pseudo-palisading pattern that occurs with glioblastoma. Red discoloration occurs due to bleeding from necroses, and microvascular proliferation.