Spinal Epidural Hematoma Caused by Pseudogout: A Case Report and Literature Review
17 March 2013
20 September 2013
22 November 2013 (eFirst)
Study Design Case report.
Objective We present the first reported case of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma secondary to calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition disease (pseudogout) in a 75-year-old woman.
Methods A retrospective review of the patient's case notes was undertaken and the limited literature on this subject reviewed.
Results This patient presented with sudden-onset lower limb paresis, sensory loss, urinary retention, and back pain. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an epidural hematoma, which was evacuated. Histologic specimens of the clot showed calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposits (pseudogout).
Conclusion The importance of histopathologic review of surgical specimens is highlighted when considering the differential diagnosis of apparently spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma.