Endoscopy 2013; 45(S 02): E290-E291
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1344559
Cases and Techniques Library (CTL)
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Pure transgastric NOTES in an adnexal procedure: the first human case report

B.-R. Liu*
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
,
X.-C. Kong*
2  Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
,
G.-X. Cui
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
,
X.-Y. Zhang
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
,
J.-T. Song
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
,
Y. Kuang
2  Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
,
L.-J. Kong
1  Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
,
Y. Si
2  Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
05 September 2013 (online)

Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is an innovative procedure that represents a further evolution of minimally invasive surgery. To date, there are few cases reported in the literature that have been performed using pure NOTES [1] [2] [3]. Recently, Lee et al. [4] described pure transvaginal NOTES in adnexal procedures using modern laparoscopic rigid instruments. To the best of our knowledge, however, transgastric NOTES for adnexal disease has not previously been reported in humans. Herein, we report on a pure transgastric NOTES procedure performed for adnexal disease in a young woman.

A 36-year-old woman presented to our hospital with left lower abdominal pain for 3 days. Her serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) was 547.23 mIU/mL (normal < 5 mIU/mL). Transvaginal ultrasonography confirmed the diagnosis of a left tubal ectopic pregnancy and right simple ovarian cyst.

A pure transgastric NOTES procedure was performed after approval by the hospital ethics committee. The stages of the operation we performed were as follows: (i) creation of gastric access using a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)-like technique; (ii) establishment of a pneumoperitoneum with a laparoscopic insufflator; (iii) visualization of the uterus ([Fig. 1 a]) and inspection of the adnexa, which revealed a superficial endometriosis lesion on the right ovarian wall, in addition to the left fallopian tubal ectopic pregnancy mass ([Fig. 1 b]) and right ovarian cyst; (iv) cystotomy of the ovarian cyst with an injection needle; (v) electrocautery of the endometriosis lesion with a Coagrasper; (vi) transgastric NOTES salpingostomy ([Fig. 1 c]) and dissection of the ectopic pregnancy lesion from the tubal wall without laparoscopic assistance; (vii) removal of the lesion and confirmation that no remnant was left; (viii) closure of the gastric incision with endoclips and a nylon loop ([Fig. 1 d]).

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Fig. 1 Endoscopic views during pure natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) in a woman with a left tubal ectopic pregnancy showing: a the uterus (arrow); b the left fallopian tubal mass with purplish-black discoloration (arrow); c the lesion seen through tubal incision (arrow); d the completed gastric closure after nylon-loop ligation and placement of endoclips.
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The ectopic pregnancy lesion was removed successfully, giving a specimen of 4.0 × 2.0 cm ([Fig. 2]). The patient did well postoperatively and had no complications. Her serum beta-hCG returned to normal 3 days after the operation. Histological examination confirmed the presence of chorionic villi in the specimen. Follow-up endoscopy 5 days later showed good healing of the gastric incision ([Fig. 3]).

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Fig. 2 Photograph of the embryonic tissue following removal.
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Fig. 3 Endoscopic view of the stomach 5 days later showing the well-healed gastric incision.


Quality:
Views of a pure transgastric natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) procedure performed in a young woman with a tubal ectopic pregnancy showing the stages involved in the successful salpingostomy of the ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cystotomy, and electrical cautery of an endometriosis lesion.

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* B.-R. Liu and X.-C. Kong contributed equally to this article.