Endoscopy 2013; 45(S 02): E193-E194
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1344127
Cases and Techniques Library (CTL)
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Esophageal bezoar in a patient with esophageal epiphrenic diverticulum

Y. C. Chen
1  Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
,
M. C. Tsai
1  Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
2  Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
,
T. Y. Chen
1  Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
3  School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
,
C. C. Lin
1  Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
3  School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
› Institutsangaben
Weitere Informationen

Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
05. Juli 2013 (online)

A 57-year-old woman presented with dysphagia and postprandial epigastric fullness for about two years. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) showed a esophageal diverticulum at the lower portion of the esophagus, and barium swallow esophagography showed a focal outpouching space (measured about 5 cm in size) at the distal third of the esophagus near the esophagogastric junction ([Fig. 1]). The patient reported having nausea and vomiting after eating in the past 2 days. She underwent another EGD, which revealed a 3-cm, blackish bezoar impacted in the esophageal diverticulum ([Fig. 2]). The bezoar was removed with a snare basket. On reviewing her history, it was found that she had been taking Pho Pu Zi (Cordia dichotoma Forst. f.) as an appetizer for a month.

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 a Barium swallow esophagography showing focal outpouching, measured about 5 cm in size, at the distal third of the esophagus near the esophagogastric junction in a 57-year-old woman with dysphagia and postprandial epigastric fullness. b Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) showing dilated esophageal lumen with diverticulum formation at the lower esophagus.
Zoom Image
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Blackish, 3-cm long bezoar in the diverticulum.

Esophageal diverticulum is a rare esophageal disease and can occur anywhere in the esophagus [1]. The epiphrenic diverticulum is an acquired pulsion diverticulum that occurs near the diaphragmatic hiatus [1]. In about 80 % of patients it is associated with an underlying motility disorder, such as diffuse esophageal spasm, hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter (LES), and achalasia. The dysphagia is usually due to extrinsic compression by a large food-filled diverticulum or the underlying motility disorder. Esophageal bezoars are also usually associated with an underlying motility disorder. They mainly occur de novo [2] and are typically either phytobezoars or medication bezoars [3]. Pho Pu Zi is a traditional Taiwanese appetizer, which may be ingested in large amounts during the harvesting season, when the sticky pulp of the fruit can form a phytobezoar [4]. In the present case, the large epiphrenic diverticulum resulted in stagnation of the undigested food, which trigged the formation of a bezoar. The symptoms may worsen if an esophageal bezoar progressively increases in size. EGD is mandatory for diagnosis and treatment of esophageal bezoars [5].

Endoscopy_UCTN_Code_CCL_1AB_2AC_3AF