Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2012; 16(04): 280-285
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1327002
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Ultrasound of the Upper Limb: When to Use It in Athletes

Georgina Allen
1  Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom
2  St. Luke's Radiology, St. Luke's Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
,
David Wilson
1  Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom
2  St. Luke's Radiology, St. Luke's Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
09 October 2012 (online)

Abstract

Ultrasound is a powerful screening examination for athletes with upper limb injuries. It is very effective in demonstrating injuries to muscle, tendon, ligament, and nerves. The technique is particularly useful in excluding joint effusion and in detecting soft tissue foreign bodies. Dynamic ultrasound examination is especially useful in detecting subluxation of tendon and nerves; it may be the only means of demonstrating the cause of snapping. Detailed anatomical knowledge is mandatory, and the examination should be structured and systematic. Ultrasound may overlook disorders of the deep structures in joints and bone disease. Those employing the technique must understand the strengths of ultrasound examination compared with and in combination with MRI.