Multidisciplinary laparo-endoscopic management of a subcardial gastric diverticulum
28 May 2013 (online)
A 46-year-old obese female patient presented in the emergency room with acute exacerbation of abdominal pain, recurring nausea and vomiting, and a history of chronic pain in the lumbar spine. An external report of recently taken magnetic resonance images described a suspicious left adrenal mass ([Fig. 1]). The patient also had reflux symptoms and fetor ex ore. A history of rapid weight loss of 16 kg over the past 3 months and increasing fatigue raised suspicion for malignant disease. Assessment for pheochromocytoma was negative. A computed tomography (CT) scan excluded any malignancy and showed subcardial pouching of the dorsal gastric wall ([Fig. 2]). Oral contrast swallow ([Fig. 3]) and endoscopy confirmed the diagnosis of a gastric diverticulum with an aperture of 35 mm, filled with food remnants. Due to the clinical relevance of this benign finding, the patient was referred to general surgery. Using an endoscopic rendezvous technique, laparoscopic resection was carried out with an EchelonFlex60 Endopath Stapler (Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA) under visual control from both sides of the diverticulum ([Fig. 4]). Histologic examination showed a full-thickness stomach specimen with slight chronic inflammation of otherwise normal gastric mucosa, indicative of a congenital diverticulum. Both the fetor and reflux symptoms ceased immediately after the surgery. A second contrast swallow on postoperative day 5 showed a patent suture and the patient was discharged thereafter.
Gastric diverticula are a rare entity of diverticula of the gastrointestinal tract. Due to their rarity, they are often mistaken for pathologies such as, most commonly, left adrenal masses  . Usually asymptomatic, they sometimes present with diffuse abdominal symptoms and gastric bleeding  . The preferred treatment is laparoscopic resection of the diverticulum, however, open approaches have also been reported . A rendezvous technique as carried out in our department has not yet been described, but constitutes a safe treatment method.
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