Zahnmedizin up2date 2013; 7(2): 155-167
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1324972
Kraniomandibuläre Dysfunktionen
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Diagnostik von Bruxismus

Nikolaos Nikitas Giannakopoulos
Marc Schmitter
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
11 April 2013 (online)


Unter Bruxismus versteht man repetitives Zähneknirschen und/oder Kieferpressen, das während des Wachzustands (Wachbruxismus) oder im Schlaf (Schlafbruxismus) auftreten kann.

  • Literatur

  • 1 American Academy of Sleep Medicine. International classification of sleep disorders, ICSD-2. Westchester, IL: American Academy of Sleep Medicine; 2005
  • 2 Kuliš A, Türp JC. Welche Faktoren stehen mit sekundarem Bruxismus in Zusammenhang?. Deutsche Zahnärztliche Zeitschrift 2007; 62: 793-802
  • 3 Lavigne GJ, Huynh N, Kato T et al. Genesis of sleep bruxism: motor and autonomic-cardiac interactions. Arch Oral Biol 2007; 52: 381-384
  • 4 Lavigne GJ, Rompre PH, Montplaisir JY. Sleep Bruxism: Validity of Clinical Research Diagnostic Criteria in a Controlled Polysomnografic Study. J Dent Res 1996; 75: 546-552
  • 5 Rompre PH, Daigle-Landry D, Guitard F et al. Identification of a sleep bruxism subgroup with a higher risk of pain. J Dent Res 2007; 86: 837-842
  • 6 Pintado MR, Anderson GC, DeLong R, Douglas WH. Variation in tooth wear in young adults over a two-year period. J Prosthet Dent 1997; 77: 313-320
  • 7 Paesani DA, Andersen M, Arima T. Bruxism: Theory and Practice. London: Quintessence Pub.; 2010
  • 8 van der Meulen MJ, Lobbezoo F, Aartman IH et al. Self-reported oral parafunctions and pain intensity in temporomandibular disorder patients. J Orofac Pain 2006; 20: 31-35
  • 9 Lavigne GJ, Montplaisir JV. Bruxism: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Pathophysiology, and Pharmacology. In: Fricton JR, Dubner R, eds Orofacial Pain and Temporomandibular Disorders: Advances in Pain Research and Therapy. New York: Raven Press; 1995: 387-404
  • 10 Egermark I, Carlsson GE, Magnusson T. A 20-year longitudinal study of subjective symptoms of temporomandibular disorders from childhood to adulthood. Acta Odontol Scand 2001; 59: 40-48
  • 11 Van Der Zaag J, Lobbezoo F, Visscher CM et al. Time-variant nature of sleep bruxism outcome variables using ambulatory polysomnography: implications for recognition and therapy evaluation. J Oral Rehabil 2008; 35: 577-584
  • 12 Nilner M. Prevalence of functional disturbances and diseases of the stomatognathic system in 15–18 year olds. Swed Dent J 1981; 5: 189-197
  • 13 Takagi I, Sakurai K. Investigation of the factors related to the formation of the buccal mucosa ridging. J Oral Rehabil 2003; 30: 565-572
  • 14 Piquero K, Ando T, Sakurai K. Buccal mucosa ridging and tongue indentation: incidence and associated factors. Bull Tokyo Dent Coll 1999; 40: 71-78
  • 15 Sapiro SM. Tongue indentations as an indicator of clenching. Clin Prev Dent 1992; 14: 21-24
  • 16 Yanagisawa K, Takagi I, Sakurai K. Influence of tongue pressure and width on tongue indentation formation. J Oral Rehabil 2007; 34: 827-834
  • 17 Dejak B, Mlotkowski A, Romanowicz M. Finite element analysis of mechanism of cervical lesion formation in simulated molars during mastication and parafunction. J Prosthet Dent 2005; 94: 520-529
  • 18 Lobbezoo F, Naeije M. A reliability study of clinical tooth wear measurements. J Prosthet Dent 2001; 86: 597-602
  • 19 Wetselaar P, Lobbezoo F, Koutris M et al. Reliability of an occlusal and nonocclusal tooth wear grading system: clinical use versus dental cast assessment. Int J Prosthodont 2009; 22: 388-390
  • 20 Johansson A, Haraldson T, Omar R et al. A system for assessing the severity and progression of occlusal tooth wear. J Oral Rehabil 1993; 20: 125-131
  • 21 Clark GT, Beemsterboer PL, Rugh JD. Nocturnal masseter muscle activity and the symptoms of masticatory dysfunction. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 1981; 8: 279-286
  • 22 Lobbezoo F, Van Der Zaag J, Naeije M. Bruxism: its multiple causes and its effects on dental implants – an updated review. J Oral Rehabil 2006; 33: 293-300
  • 23 Lobbezoo F, Naeije M. Bruxism is mainly regulated centrally, not peripherally. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 2001; 28: 1085-1091
  • 24 Visscher CM, Naeije M, De Laat A et al. Diagnostic accuracy of temporomandibular disorder pain tests: a multicenter study. J Orofac Pain 2009; 23: 108-114
  • 25 Forgione A. A simple but effective method quantifying bruxing behavior. J Dent Res 1974; 53: 127-129
  • 26 Ommerborn MA, Giraki M, Schneider C et al. A new analyzing method for quantification of abrasion on the Bruxcore device for sleep bruxism diagnosis. J Orofac Pain 2005; 19: 232-238
  • 27 Baba K, Clark GT, Watanabe T et al. Bruxism force detection by a piezoelectric film-based recording device in sleeping humans. J Orofac Pain 2003; 17: 58-64
  • 28 Takeuchi H, Ikeda T, Clark GT. A piezoelectric film-based intrasplint detection method for bruxism. J Prosthet Dent 2001; 86: 195-202
  • 29 Nishigawa K, Bando E, Nakano M. Quantitative study of bite force during sleep associated bruxism. J Oral Rehabil 2001; 28: 485-491
  • 30 Harada T, Ichiki R, Tsukiyama Y et al. The effect of oral splint devices on sleep bruxism: a 6-week observation with an ambulatory electromyographic recording device. J Oral Rehabil 2006; 33: 482-488
  • 31 Pierce CJ, Gale EN. Methodological considerations concerning the use of Bruxcore Plates to evaluate nocturnal bruxism. J Dent Res 1989; 68: 1110-1114
  • 32 Shochat T, Gavish A, Arons E et al. Validation of the BiteStrip screener for sleep bruxism. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 2007; 104: e32-e39
  • 33 Jadidi F, Castrillon E, Svensson P. Effect of conditioning electrical stimuli on temporalis electromyographic activity during sleep. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 2008; 35: 171-183
  • 34 Jadidi F, Nørregaard O, Baad-Hansen L et al. Assessment of sleep parameters during contingent electrical stimulation in subjects with jaw muscle activity during sleep: a polysomnographic study. European Journal of Oral Sciences 2011; 119: 211-218
  • 35 Toussaint M, Luthringer R, Schaltenbrand N et al. First-night effect in normal subjects and psychiatric inpatients. Sleep 1995; 18: 463-469
  • 36 Lobbezoo F, Ahlberg J, Glaros AG et al. Bruxism defined and graded: an international consensus. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 2013; 40: 2-4