pferde spiegel 2012; 15(1): 10-14
DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1298270
Enke Verlag in MVS Medizinverlage Stuttgart GmbH & Co. KG Stuttgart · New York

Anästhesie des Fohlens Teil 1 Physiologische Besonderheiten

Sedation and general anaesthesia in foals
Klaus Hopster
Sabine B. R. Kästner
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Publication History

Publication Date:
21 March 2012 (online)


Foals are anaesthetized for a variety of reasons. Anaesthesia is needed in healthy foals for procedures as correction of angular limb deformities and congenital hernias or in sick foals for abdominal surgery like colic surgery or repair of a ruptured urinary bladder. According to the literature foals under age one week are 7 times more likely to develop an anaesthesia-related fatality compared to adult horses.

Neonatal foals are physiologically different from mature horses. Therefore anaesthesia management is difficult to extrapolate from adult horses or from other species. To develop an anaesthetic plan, the anaesthetist must have profound knowledge of the different physiology and different pharmacokinetic and -dynamic properties of the equine neonate which are discussed in this article.