Arzneimittelforschung 2008; 58(9): 435-440
DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1296535
Cardiac Drugs · Cardiac Stimulants · Coronary Drugs
Editio Cantor Verlag Aulendorf (Germany)

Effects of Calcium Channel Blockers on Cardiac Events, Stroke and End-stage Renal Disease in Patients with Angina pectoris

Retrospective comparative study of benidipine, diltiazem and nifedipine
Ichiro Arioka
1   Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Dohi Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan
Shunichiro Dohi
1   Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Dohi Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan
Shizuyuki Dohi
1   Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Dohi Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan
Kenya Sakai
2   Division of Cardiology, Dohi Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
19 December 2011 (online)


Background and aim:

Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have been reported to reduce the incidence of stroke in hypertensive patients. CCBs are also commonly used to treat patients with angina pectoris (AP). However, there are very few reports on their effects on cardiovascular events, including stroke and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), in patients with AP. This study was designed to assess the differences among CCBs regarding the occurrence of cardiovascular events in patients with AP.


Clinical records of 226 patients with AP who had received treatment with CCBs in hospital from January 1, 1993 to December 31, 2006 were reviwed. The influence of patient characteristics and medication on the occurrence of cardiovascular events was evaluated (median follow-up period: 4.4 years). Of these 226 patients, 155 were treated with benidipine (CAS 91599-74-5), 36 with diltiazem (CAS 33286-22-5), and 35 were treated with nifedipine (CAS 21829-25-4).


Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that benidipine was the only CCB that significantly reduced the occurrence of cardiovascular events (HR=0.39, p<0.05). Benidipine treatment was associated with higher cardiovascular- and cardiac event-free rates than diltiazem treatment, and higher stroke- and ESRD-free rates than nifedipine.


This study demonstrated that benidipine prevents the occurrence of cardiovascular events in patients with AP, suggesting that benidipine contributes to a favorable long-term prognosis of such patients.

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