Semin intervent Radiol 2011; 28(4): 367-379
DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1296079
© Thieme Medical Publishers

Nephroureteral Stents: Principles and Techniques

Abouelmagd Makramalla1 , Darryl A. Zuckerman1
  • 1Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, St. Louis, Missouri
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
03 January 2012 (online)


Nephroureteral stents including antegrade, retrograde, or internal (double-J) stents are routinely placed by interventional radiologists. The purpose of this review is to provide a detailed and comprehensive description of indications, contraindications, technique, and various technical challenges of these procedures. Also pre- and postprocedure management of patients will be discussed including routine follow-up and dealing with potential complications.


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Abouelmagd Makramalla, M.D. 

Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology

510 South Kingshighway Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63110