Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2011; 15(5): 441-445
DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1293490
© Thieme Medical Publishers

Diagnostic Radiology in the Tropics: Technical Considerations

Kwan-Hoong Ng1 , 2 , Ian Donald Mclean3
  • 1Department of Biomedical Imaging, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 2University of Malaya Research Imaging Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 3Dosimetry and Medical Radiation Physics Section, Human Health Division, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
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Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
11. November 2011 (online)

ABSTRACT

An estimated two thirds of the world's population is currently without access to diagnostic radiology services, and most of them live in resource-limited tropical regions with harsh environments. Most patients are diagnosed and treated in poorly equipped government-funded hospitals and clinics that have insufficiently trained staff and are barely operational. Any available imaging equipment is likely to be functioning suboptimally and be poorly maintained. The root of the problem is usually a lack of know-how and a quality culture, combined with insufficient basic equipment and infrastructure. Radiological imaging is an essential aspect of primary care and used in the critical diagnosis and management of trauma, tuberculosis, pneumonia, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, cancer, and other respiratory and abdominal diseases. Considerations such as quality management and infrastructure, personnel, equipment, and radiation protection and safety are important to ensure the proper functioning and rational use of a diagnostic radiology facility in the tropics.

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Kwan-Hoong Ng, Ph.D. 

Department of Biomedical Imaging, University of Malaya

50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

eMail: [email protected]